They include Russia's alleged meddling in the US election and military actions in Ukraine and Syria; Iranian missile development and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps' support for terrorism; and North Korea's nuclear and missile provocations.
He also argued that there is a problem with the process that the bill created, letting Congress block any decision he might make to lift Russian sanctions.
Dmitry Medvedev (dih-MEE'-tree med-VYEH'-dyev) says in a Facebook post that "Trump's administration has demonstrated total impotence by surrendering its executive authority to Congress in the most humiliating way".
According to an email transcript released by Trump Jr., the man who set up the meeting said the Clinton information was coming from the Russian government.
In addition to the Crimea measures, the European Union imposed damaging economic sanctions against Russia after the shooting down of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 in eastern Ukraine in July 2014, blamed by the European Union on pro-Russian rebels.
Mr Medvedev went further - saying the sanctions show the Trump administration was "utterly powerless" and that they amounted to a "full-scale trade war".
The Foreign Ministry is emphasizing that "we naturally reserve the right for other countermeasures".
Multiple congressional committees and a Department of Justice special counsel are all investigating Russian interference in the 2016 election and possible links between top Trump campaign aides and Russia.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson echoed the president's sentiments that the measure poses more diplomatic hindrances than solutions.
Now that the sanctions have already been passed, Trump is going to pay the price of not conforming to the structural theory of politics and worldwide relations that say that it is the structure which determines the actions and not vice versa. It was approved by 98-2 votes in the Senate and 419-3 in the House.
"This changes the power balance in USA political circles".
"It represents the will of the American people to see Russian Federation take steps to improve relations with the United States", he said. "But it is not our habit to be resentful children". "But it is not our habit to be resentful children", added the diplomat, who promised that Moscow would "not relent on finding means and ways" in the face of sanctions. "The topic of new sanctions was yet another way to put Trump in place".
"President Trump said Wednesday night that it was" totally untrue" he called the White House a "dump" while talking to his golf buddies.
The White House said only that Trump would give Congress's "preferences" mere "careful and respectful consideration".
Prior to taking office, Trump came under fire after that he invited guests attending a party at his Bedminister club to "come around" and sit in on his scheduled interviews with potential White House staff and contenders for his Cabinet.
The California lawmaker said "Democrats will demand tough oversight to ensure strong and immediate implementation of the sanctions law".
His hands tied tightly, President Trump has grudgingly signed legislation passed overwhelmingly by Congress last week imposing further sanctions against Russian Federation and more importantly preventing the president from being able to unilaterally remove any specific entities from a sanctions list.
The regime of Kim Jong-un in North Korea is an example of the growing democratisation of projection of national power across the globe.