The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services have confirmed the state's first human cases of West Nile virus.
The Michigan Department of Health has confirmed four cases - two residents of Montcalm County, a resident in Oakland County and one in Macomb County.
There is no vaccine for humans for mosquito-borne diseases, nor is there a specific treatment, according to the health department.
"The virus is here, and (historically) we know that WNv-carrying mosquitoes will be around well into the fall, " said Dr. Paul Roumeliotis, Medical Officer of Health with the EOHU. Again he advised that people can freely get engaged in outdoor activities but they should ensure that they take necessary precautionary measures to avoid any mosquito bite, for example, keeping an insect repellent with them.
►Make it easy to keep up to date with more stories like this. However, there were no human cases known at that time.
The virus appears to be "widespread statewide", based on testing of birds and mosquitoes, the press release said. Many people with the virus will have no symptoms or very mild clinical symptoms of illness. And it is also observed that some people fell ill after 3 to 15 days of the infected mosquito bite.
Re-apply mosquito repellent as often as needed to prevent mosquito landings and bites.
The Health District's Mosquito Surveillance Program tests mosquito pools for West Nile virus, St. Louis Encephalitis, and Western Equine Encephalitis.
Eight horses have been infected with West Nile in seven counties, including Clinton and Jackson counties.
"While most people infected with West Nile Virus show no symptoms of the illness and pass it on their own, even healthy people have become severely ill for weeks when infected", Grow said. Mild symptoms include fever, headache, body aches, nausea, vomiting and sometimes swollen lymph glands or a skin rash on the chest, stomach, and back.
Wear clothing that reduces the risk of skin exposure to mosquito bites (i.e., long trousers and long-sleeved shirts).